Millions of people suffer from allergies every year.
When certain materials come into contact with a person with a specific allergy, their immune system mistakenly believes that these materials are harmful. In response, the body will produce histamine and other chemicals for protection. Due to the presence of these chemicals in the body, reactions such as rash, swelling, and itching may occur. In some cases, environmental objects, such as pollen, pollutants, mold, and dust, can affect people. Reactions to environmental substances may include eye or skin irritation or respiratory difficulties. In all cases, the success of allergy treatment depends on the type of allergy.
The most important step for effective treatment of allergies is to avoid substances that cause allergic symptoms. To prevent an allergic reaction, tests should be performed to determine which specific substance causes distress in the individual. The treatment of allergies should begin with skin tests to determine the substances that react with the skin in contact with the body. An allergist, a doctor who specializes in treating allergies, will use a scratch test or patch test to introduce various materials into the skin to determine if you have a reaction. If the skin test site reacts with redness or swelling, it is determined that the person is allergic to the corresponding allergen.
The doctor will recommend the correct course of action for an allergy treatment based on the results of the skin tests. The doctor will also obtain a detailed medical history and a detailed description of the types of allergy episodes experienced by the individual. There are several options available in the treatment of allergies. Avoiding substances that cause an episode can prevent distress. Pets, mold, pollen, house dust mites or certain foods, depending on your allergy, should be removed from your daily life and exposure should be kept to a minimum. Your doctor may also recommend allergy medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, mast cell stabilizers, and leukotriene modifiers. These medications can help reduce inflammation, block histamines or eliminate nasal and sinus congestion.
Allergy medications can be used in the short term. If the allergy is more severe, long-term medication may be recommended. Short-term medications do not require a prescription. But they can cause drowsiness. Long-Term allergy treatment may require prescription medication. That does not cause the same side effects as a short-term over-the-counter medication.
The treatment of allergies depends on the specific allergy symptoms and the doctor’s recommendations. Some over-the-counter medications, such as nasal sprays, creams, eye drops, liquid or decongestant pills and antihistamines, can be used. Doctors may suggest an allergy treatment based on the prescribed concentration if the allergy is severe and requires rapid resolution due to shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
Each person will need their specific treatment against allergies. There are many options to help alleviate the discomfort that people with allergies feel during allergic attacks. Working with the doctor and regularly monitoring your current state of health can control outbreaks and treat long-term allergies.