Hypertension or hypertensive vascular disease is an intermittent or prolonged elevation of systolic or diastolic blood pressure.
There are two types of hypertension, which include primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. About 20% of the adult population develops hypertension. More than 90% of these cases are related to primary hypertension and approximately 10% to secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension has no identifiable cause. However, risk factors have been identified that have led a person to develop primary hypertension, such as a family history; gender: where men are at greater risk than women; in the United States: blacks are twice as exposed to whites; And age Other factors that are known to be modifiable include stress, obesity, high sodium or saturated fat intake in the diet, excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol or tobacco, the use of oral contraceptives and sedentary life
On the other hand,
Secondary hypertension is mainly caused by a disease such as renal vascular disease, thyroid problems and pregnancy-induced hypertension, to name a few.
Being hypertensive can be extremely dangerous. But that does not mean that it cannot be corrected. It is very manageable. Now, here are the appropriate ways to control hypertension.
1. Take prescription medications regularly according to the schedule provided by your doctor. You should not stop taking the medication, even if side effects such as dizziness, lightheadedness or impotence occur. But you must inform your healthcare provider so that the medication can be changed.
2. Check your blood pressure regularly. Because many people experience a transient elevation of blood pressure during tests, also known as white coat hypertension, it is recommended to measure again after approximately 10 minutes to obtain a more accurate reading.
3. Reduce your weight by limiting your calorie intake, especially cholesterol and fat. You should also limit your sodium intake. You can work with a dietitian if you wish. And reduce or avoid alcohol and caffeine.
4. Urge quitting if you smoke. It is a lifestyle change that cannot be compromised.
5. Encourage yourself to perform a regular program of physical activity and exercise; Exercise improves the feeling of well-being, creates an outlet for emotional tension, increases serum levels of high-density lipoprotein and helps control weight. It is recommended to have a progressive program of aerobic activity, such as walking, jogging or swimming. However, an isometric exercise such as weightlifting is not recommended.
Now, these are effective ways to properly manage hypertension. Follow these steps and you will definitely manage your condition constantly.