In addition to essential and remediable secondary hypertension, medications can also be the main cause of hypertension. But in many cases, this happens in people with high blood pressure who take medications without the consent of their doctor or pharmacist. These medications are usually available at the counter and can be purchased at any point of sale at a pharmacy or through an online pharmacy service.
Medications that can cause hypertension:
Medications that can cause hypertension include oral contraceptives, sympathomimetics, amphetamines, NSAIDs, steroids, caffeine and MAOI.
Oral contraceptives are the kind of medications that cause the most common hypertension. According to an approximate estimate, approximately 5% of hypertensive patients suffer from it due to the use of oral contraceptives. However, in many cases, this is not so intense that women can use contraceptives to show a slight measurable increase in their blood pressure. The increase in blood pressure during the first two years of use of the contraceptive pill is approximately 10/5 mmHg.
Common factors that lead to an increase in the incidence of hypertension. That is Induced by oral contraceptives include age over 35 years, family history of hypertension, obesity, and smoking. The last two factors can be changed, but the first cannot be changed. In this hypertension, the main role is that of estrogen, although the type and amount of progestin also seem to influence the effect on blood pressure.
It is believed that this is due to the stimulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The retention of sodium and fluids in the body. This type of hypertension is usually reversible within 1 to 8 months after the end of treatment.
The best way to prevent oral contraceptive-induced hypertension is to control blood pressure every 6 months. Also, you have to use the smallest possible dose of contraceptive agents. Women who have a higher risk of high blood pressure should use other contraceptive means, which should be referred to the doctor, pharmacist or online pharmacy consultation service.
Other important medications in this regard include over-the-counter sympathomimetics.
The use of these agents, particularly ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, and phenylephrine can cause hypertension. These are available in many medications available as over-the-counter products and can be purchased online without a prescription, but should be requested from pharmacists. In particular, phenylpropanolamine can cause an increase in blood pressure and also intracranial hemorrhage. A double dose of this medicine can increase the peak of bp to approximately 175/100 mmHg.
The effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on arterial hypertension are well documented because they increase supine blood pressure by up to 5 mmHg. These can also antagonize the effects of beta-blockers, diuretics, and vasodilators.
Cyclosporine is also a medication that can raise blood pressure through vasoconstriction and sodium retention. Monoamine oxidase and steroid inhibitors can also cause hypersalivation of blood pressure in many users. Caffeine in many over-the-counter medications can also lead to an increase in PB levels in patients taking a prolonged dose.